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American Narratives: Multiethnic Writing in the Age of by Margaret Crumpton Winter

By Margaret Crumpton Winter

American Narratives takes readers again to the flip of the 20 th century to reintroduce 4 writers of various ethnic backgrounds whose works have been as a rule neglected by way of critics in their day. With the ability of a literary detective, Molly Crumpton wintry weather recovers an early multicultural discourse on assimilation and nationwide belonging that has been principally ignored through literary students.

At the guts of the booklet are shut readings of works by means of 4 approximately forgotten artists from 1890 to 1915, the period usually termed the age of realism: Mary Antin, a Jewish American immigrant from Russia; Zitkala-Ša, a Sioux girl initially from South Dakota; Sutton E. Griggs, an African American from the South; and Sui Sin a long way, a biracial, chinese language American girl author who lived at the West Coast. Winter's remedy of Antin's The Promised Land serves as an party for a reexamination of the idea that of assimilation in American literature, and the bankruptcy on Zitkala-Ša is the main finished research of her narratives up to now. iciness argues persuasively that Griggs must have lengthy been a extra seen presence in American literary background, and the exploration of Sui Sin some distance unearths her to be the embodiment of the various and unpredictable ways in which variety of cultures got here jointly in America.

In American Narratives, iciness keeps that the writings of those 4 rediscovered authors, with their emphasis on problems with ethnicity, identification, and nationality, healthy squarely within the American realist culture. She additionally establishes a multiethnic discussion between those writers, demonstrating ways that cultural identification and nationwide belonging are peristently contested during this literature.

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Additional resources for American Narratives: Multiethnic Writing in the Age of Realism

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In 93 Griggs became the pastor of the Tabernacle Baptist Church in Memphis, Tennessee. For next sixteen years he continued to write books on social theory and endeavored to put his ideas into action, with the goal of improving the lives of African Americans in his congregation, the city of Memphis, and the South. He may have hoped that, like the characters in his novels, his actions would eventually influence the nation as well. 30 Under Griggs’s guidance, and with the financial aid of black and white patrons and the city government, the congregation constructed an elaborate new church, as well as ancillary facilities that included a swimming pool, a gym, and an employment bureau.

My friends said that it would hold in English as Mary; which was very disappointing, as I longed to possess a strange-sounding American name like the others” (49–50). The pleasure she gains from abandoning her Russian name, “Mashke,” is instantly replaced by disappointment that “Mary” is so similar to the name she has just discarded. To throw off an identity marker that signifies association with one’s origins indicates a rejection of the past. However, the eagerness with which Antin takes on a new American name, and her regret that it is not more different from her former one, is also indicative of many common traditions with which she can be associated.

A dislike for Antin’s assimilationist message seems to underlie most of Mary Antin and Assimilation 37 the late twentieth-century criticism about the book. Antin is faulted for her unquestioning acceptance of all things American, as well as her lack of loyalty to her Jewish heritage. 8 While the concept of assimilation is now slighted in favor of diversity and the preservation of cultural heritage, it is important to read Antin in a pre-modernist context. In her day, Antin was influenced by two schools of thought.

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