By Irving Maltzman
Alcoholism: A evaluate of Its features, Etiology, Treatment,and Controversies offers a correct photo of the present nation of analysis and remedy effectiveness within the box of alcoholism. utilizing compelling proof, Irving Maltzman describes how the sphere has been distorted via the habit remedy technique.
A distinctive experimental psychologist on the collage of California, l. a., Professor Maltzman has written a finished, very important paintings marked by means of incisive argument. Alcoholism is a superb reference for teachers in addition to execs operating in addictions treatment.
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Additional resources for Alcoholism: A Review of its Characteristics, Etiology, Treatments, and Controversies
In addition to classical and operant conditioning factors, human drug use is also determined to a large extent by acquired expectancies and beliefs about drugs as an antidote to stress and anxiety. , drug use in the family and peer environment, along with the pervasive portrayal of drug use in advertising and the media). ll). Marlatt assumes that tolerance is learned and involves conditioned compensatory responses, implying that since tolerance, a major symptom of alcoholism is learned, then alcoholism is not a disease.
Fingarette limits his discussion to one kind of relapse prevention, Marlatt's approach, and presents it as though it is the original and principal approach to relapse prevention. It is obvious that the prevention of relapse is an important problem. But a critical examination of Marlatt's approach to relapse prevention is needed. This is not the place for the detailed critical examination of the formulation that Fingarette fails to offer. However, several issues will be commented upon here. 30 Marlatt's theory of relapse as originally formulated is a thinly veiled approach to controlled drinking and an attack on abstinence based on a caricature of traditional approaches to alcoholism treatment.
Because they drink excessively". What was true in Brentano's time is true now. Proximal causes of behavior will be uncovered by tracing the physiological changes occurring in the brain interacting dialectically with the environment. This will also lead to explanations of behavior now said to be caused by cognitions, representations, mental processes, etc. The problem with much of current cognitive psychology including cognitive behavior therapy is that its theoretical terms are derived from the very same behaviors the terms are used to explain.