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A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company by Barbara Belyea

By Barbara Belyea

Anthony Henday, a tender Hudson’s Bay corporation worker, set out from York manufacturing facility in June 1754 to wintry weather with “trading Indians” alongside the Saskatchewan River. He tailored willingly and simply to their lifestyle; he additionally stored a magazine during which he defined the plains sector and took observe of rival French investors’ luck at their inland posts. a replica of Henday’s magazine was once instantly despatched to the corporate administrators in London. They rewarded Henday handsomely even supposing they have been doubtful the place he had travelled, what teams he had met at the plains, and what good fortune he had in opposing rival French investors. in view that then, uncertainty approximately Henday’s 12 months inland has elevated. the unique magazine disappeared; in simple terms 4 copies, relationship from 1755 to approximately 1782, are extant. every one textual content differs from the opposite 3; the variations diversity from version spellings to note option to contradictory statements on important questions. All 4 copies are the paintings of a firm clerk, later issue, named Andrew Graham, who used them to help his personal perspectives on HBC buying and selling guidelines. Twentieth-century students have dependent their claims for Henday’s significance as an explorer, dealer and observer of local cultures on a poorly edited transcript of the 1782 textual content. they've been unaware or careless of the journal’s textual ambiguity. A yr Inland offers all 4 copies for the 1st time, including contextual notes and a statement that reassesses the journal’s info on plains geography, humans and alternate.

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Extra info for A Year Inland: The Journal of a Hudson’s Bay Company Winterer

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As un- From Manuscript to Print 23 creative hackwork . . ’’ As well as a shortage of funds, ‘‘historical editing in Canada suffers from . . an absence of a clear sense of priorities . . ’’16 Bumsted does not define ‘‘accurate test’’ or ‘‘complete text,’’ while ‘‘context’’ is assumed to be the events, characters, setting and conditions that produced the document and that figure in the text. The Occasional Papers of the Champlain Society for 1992 provides a second theoretical statement on Canadian editing, by ethnohistorian and editor Jennifer S.

Stephen, 2-13, gives an informative summary of early historical knowledge of Henday’s journal. ’’ Burpee published both of Christy’s transcriptions as contributions to theTransactions of the Royal Society of Canada, 1907 and 1908. , appendix A to Graham, Obser vations on Hudson’s Bay, 335n. 3 hbca documents are numbered on one side of the sheet, like traditional folios. , ‘‘1d’’) to indicate verso. 194: ‘‘Each folio has two sheets, or four pages. The sheets are numbered only on the front, or recto, side.

239/a/40 (for example, 1, 14-16 October, 23 April, 15, 30 May), more often than not the added material emphasizes not Henday’s individuality but his generic Englishness: he is the HBC representative opposed to French traders inland. Supplementary descriptions, such as smoking with ‘‘strangers’’ and hunting buffalo, are similar to passages in later furtrade journals. The process of editing Henday’s journal is a response to two important questions: which of the four manuscripts, if any, is to be privileged as the source- or copy-text, and to what extent can editorial emendation and annotation make the journal readable and accessible?

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