By Egon Friedell
A Cultural background of the trendy Age: The challenge of the eu Soul
Volume 3 of A Cultural historical past of the fashionable Age finishes a trip that starts with Descartes within the first quantity and ends with Freud and the psychoanalytical flow within the 3rd quantity. Friedell describes the contents of those books as a sequence of performances, beginning with the beginning of the fellow of the fashionable Age, by way of flowering of this epoch, and concludes with the loss of life of the fashionable Age.
This large panorama offers an intertwining of the fabric and the cultural, the civil and the army, from the excessive issues of artistic flowering in Europe to dying and vacancy. the subjects exhibit a number of messages: romanticism and liberalism opens the cultural scene, encased in a circulation from The Congress of Vienna and its claims of peaceable co-existence to the Franco-German struggle. the ultimate section covers the interval from Bismarck's new release to global warfare I. In each one example, the quotidian lifetime of fight, racial, spiritual, and social classification is noticeable during the lens of the potent figures of the period.
The works of the period's nice figures are proven within the new gentle of the human look for symbolism, the hunt for superman, the increase of individualism and decline of heritage as a resource for wisdom. This 3rd quantity is painted in darkish shades, a foreboding of the area that used to be to return, of political extremes, and highbrow exaggerations. the writer seems ahead to a postmodern Europe during which there's a faint glean of sunshine from the opposite facet. What really seemed used to be the glare of Nazism and Communism, each one claiming the future.
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Extra info for A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Volume 3
25 April–26 June: United Nations Conference on International Organization. Charter of the United Nations signed in San Francisco. 17 July–2 August: Potsdam Conference on Allied occupation of Germany, peace plans, and surrender of Japan. 24 October: UN Charter enters into force. 1–16 November: First meeting of United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Conference (UNESCO) in London. 1946 10 January: Opening of United Nations General Assembly in London. 31 January: Judges of Permanent Court of International Justice resign.
18 April: Sean Lester formally nominated as the third secretary-general. League of Nations transfers all its assets to United Nations. 19 April: Sean Lester’s term as secretary-general officially ends. qxd 12/1/05 6:55 AM Page 1 Introduction EMERGENCE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION The League of Nations was an absolute novelty in the history of international relations. An organization on such a scale, covering all fields of international cooperation, never existed before. Still, the idea behind it was not new.
The real point of no return, however, was the Sino–Japanese War. The Japanese attack on Manchuria on 18 September 1931 was clearly a violation of the Covenant. According to the Covenant, every League member state had to come to the rescue of China, all the more so because China requested Council action. qxd 16 • 12/1/05 6:55 AM Page 16 INTRODUCTION on the Council, preferred direct negotiations with China, without League interference. The United States, though not a League member state, had interests in the region and supported Japan.